Types of palm oil
The most beneficial and natural is red palm oil. To obtain it, a gentle technology is used, in which most of the nutrients are retained. This oil is red in color due to its high carotene content.
Red palm oil has a sweetish taste and smell. Researchers have come to the conclusion that in the process of refining palm oil, beneficial substances are released from it. And unprocessed red palm oil contains a huge amount of nutrients. The described benefits of palm oil are mainly related to red palm oil. Some scientists argue that this oil does not differ in its beneficial properties from olive oil, which is so popular among the inhabitants of Europe.
Refined and deodorized palm oil is another product. It is odorless and colorless. This is done specifically for use in the food industry. This oil also has the health benefits of red palm oil, but in much smaller amounts.
There is another variety of palm oil that is used to make cosmetics, soaps, and more. This oil is five times cheaper than other types of palm oil. It differs from edible oil in its acid-fat composition. Due to its low degree of purification, it contains a lot of harmful oxidized fats. It happens that unscrupulous manufacturers add such oil to products, when consumed in the human body, there is an accumulation of free radicals that provoke cancer. Also, the use of such oil leads to the formation of cholesterol plaques.
Experts believe that some manufacturers use this oil in food production. Speaking about the dangers of palm oil, they basically mean just such a possibility. Such palm oil is poorly excreted from our body, in addition, this oil is the strongest carcinogen.
Red palm oil
Red palm oil is obtained by processing the pulp of the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis). The color of this oil is fully influenced by the color of the pulp of the fruit or pericarp.
Red palm oil is widely used in the food industry. It is a part of margarine, as well as some other types of edible fats that are indispensable in cooking. Among many other vegetable oils, red palm oil not only differs markedly in its characteristic color, but also in the method of preparation. For the production of red palm oil, only the pulp is taken that is located near the seed of the oil palm fruit - it is here that the most useful substances are concentrated.
Outwardly, this type of palm oil is an orange-red oily liquid that does not possess any pronounced odor or special taste.
Like all other varieties of palm oils, red palm oil is very sensitive to any changes in temperature. In this regard, for better safety, manufacturers pack this product in special bars that are orange or red in color. True, the inhabitants of our latitudes are more familiar with red palm oil in a liquid state.
Composition and useful properties
The amniotic pulp of the oil palm contains a significant amount of provitamin A, as well as a carotenoid. The benefits that they bring to the human body can hardly be overestimated. In addition, it contains a huge amount of natural antioxidants.
According to scientists, unique substances are present in the composition of red palm oil that have the ability to slow down the aging process of the skin and the human body. In addition, it is known that this oil is an effective prophylactic agent, preventing the occurrence of heart attacks, atherosclerosis and thrombosis.
Harm and contraindications
However, in addition to its benefits, red palm oil can also be harmful to human health. This is primarily due to the fact that in large quantities this oil provokes an increase in low density lipoproteins in human blood and the formation of fatty deposits on the walls of arteries. Elevated cholesterol and LDL cholesterol levels can lead to serious consequences in the form of myocardial infarction, strokes and peripheral arterial occlusion.