Pistachio is a multi-stemmed tree or shrub, reaching a height of 7 m.
Under natural conditions, pistachio is found mainly in Central Asia and the Middle East, but in similar climatic conditions it is cultivated all over the world. Mainly grows on rocky and rocky slopes in the foothills and low mountains. It is one of the most drought-resistant fruit plants with a good lifespan of up to 700 years. It has a powerful root system, lying at a depth of up to 3 meters. The plant has both females and males. Flowers are collected in panicles, pollinated by the wind. The fruit is drupe, contains an elongated seed with a hard shell and a soft green core with a characteristic odor. When the nut ripens, its shell partially opens, making a click. The kernel of the seeds is rich in fatty oils, proteins and carbohydrates. The oil obtained from it by cold pressing belongs to the category of non-drying high quality oils.
Pistachio fruits are harvested at night, because under the influence of the sun, the leaves of the pistachio tree release essential oils that can cause intoxication and severe headaches in a person.
Pistachios contain oil and vegetable protein combined with vitamins, minerals and amino acids. Vitamin E, a well-known natural antioxidant that rejuvenates the body, is included in their composition in large quantities. It has recently been found that eating pistachios daily may reduce the risk of lung cancer. Pistachio nuts or their infusion are recommended to be used for hypertension, tuberculosis, exhaustion and anemia, as well as for diseases of the stomach and liver, male and female infertility. It is necessary to introduce pistachios into your diet with great physical and mental stress, during the adaptation period after serious illnesses. They are used as a pain reliever for colic, and as an antitussive - for bronchitis. Pistachios contain tannin, which is used medicinally as an astringent. It is used externally for burns or weeping ulcers, for stomatitis for rinsing the mouth. Pistachios have a unique ability to precipitate heavy metals, therefore they can be used as an antidote in case of poisoning.
Use in cosmetology
Pistachio oil is rich in phytosterols and vitamin E. Therefore, it has ideal moisturizing and emollient properties. It is often used in massage oils and body oils. This oil significantly improves gliding properties, making it an ideal base oil for massage. It spreads easily over the skin and is quickly absorbed, leaving a silky and smooth feeling. Phytosterols help to activate the processes of skin regeneration, strengthen its barrier functions. They affect collagen synthesis and restore skin elasticity. They have a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect, heal and soothe irritated skin. All this makes it possible to successfully use pistachio oil in the composition of various anti-aging cosmetics. Due to the high content of oleic and linoleic acids, pistachio oil effectively restores the barrier functions of the epidermis and reduces skin dehydration. It penetrates deeply into the skin and retains moisture. Therefore, it can be used both for the care of dry, flaky skin and for the care of dry hair. It can also be successfully used for the care of delicate baby skin. Due to the high content of tocopherols, the oil protects well against the negative effects of ultraviolet rays and is often used in daytime protection creams and sunscreen cosmetics.